Dachshund

Appearance
Short, with short limbs but with compact figure, very muscolar, with proud posture of the head and snout’s vigilant expression; its general aspect is typical of the gender-specific. Despite the short arts proportional to the body length, the Dachshund does not appear clumsy, buxom or limited in its movements.
 
Bassotto
 
 
Historical notes
The Dachshund, also known as Deckel or Teckel, is known since medieval times. Dogs that are particularly suitable for hunting in the den were progressively selected from bloodhounds. From these dogs, with short limbs was established the Dachshund, recognized as the one of the most versatile hunting dogs. It also achieves excellent results on the surface, hunting the game, scrapping it, and such as dog for tracking blood.

Temperament/Behavior
The dachshund is a passionate burrowing dog, persistent, fast,reliable, neither fearful nor aggressive, with a balanced temperament and with an acute sense of smell.

Size
  • Standard duchshund: thorax circumference more than 35cm, weighing up to 9 kg cm.
  • Nano duchshund: thorax circumference more than 30cm and up to 35cm.
  • kaninchen duchsund: thorax circumference up to 30cm.
All measurements shall be made on animals aged not less than 15 months.

SHORT HAIRED DUCHSHUND

Coat: short, dense, shiny, smooth and adherent to the body, stable and tough. There are not zone without fur.

Tail: fine, covered with fur, not particulary abbundant. A greater length of the hair in lower edge of the tail is not a defect.

Color
  • Unicoloured subjects: fawn, yellow-fawn, yellow, in all cases with or without black mixed hairs. It is preferable to have a clean color and fawn color should be considered more valuable than yellow-fawn and yellow. Even dogs with very dark mixed black hair belong to this variety and not to that of other dogs. White is not desirable, but isolated small spots are allowed. Nose and black nails; brownish-brown is also allowed but is not desirable.
  • Two-colored subjects: dark or brown in both cases with rust or yellow marks on the eyes, the sides of the jaw and lower lip, on the inside edge of the ears, on the chest, on the inner part and on the back of the limbs, paws, around the anus, and from here to about one-third to the middle of the lower tail area. The black nose and nails in black bushes, brown in brown ones.

WIRE HAIRED DUCHSHUND

Coat: eyebrows, and ears, the whole body is covered with hard, dense, well-covered, and with undercoat, except for the snout. His snout shows a pronounced beard. Eyebrows are bushy. Hair on the ears is shorter and almost smooth than the rest of the body. The tail is uniformly fitted with well-sealed fur.

Color: predominantly light wild boar color to dark and even dry leaf color, is also equally valid as previously mentioned for short coat colors.
 
 

Bichon a poil frise

Appearance
A small cheerful and playful dog, with a lively pitch, mid-length muzzle, loosed corkscrew long coat , very similar to the mongolian goat's cloak. His head is proud and tall, his eyes dark, lively and expressive.
 
Bichon a poil frise
 
 
Historical notes
In our breeding there is also the bichon à poil frisé: it is a dog of european origin, but the country from which it comes is still a topic of debate. Barbone's descendant, resulting in the term "barbichon" then shortened to "bichon", appears to be part of the bolognese and maltese family. The bichons were divided into four categories: the bichon maltese, the bichon bolognaise, the bichon havanese and coton de tulear. The bichon frise is often depicted as a french dog although the bichon breed is originally spanish, experts affirm that he originated in the mediterranean area. The origin can be dated between 600 bc and 300 bc. Because of their merry disposition, they traveled much and were often used as barter by sailors as they moved from continent to continent. The dogs found early success in spain and it is generally believed that spanish seamen introduced the breed to the canary island of tenerife.
In the 14th century, italian sailors rediscovered the little dogs on their voyages and are credited with returning them to the continent, where they became great favorites of italian nobility. He was one of the most popular dogs of the french court and the spanish court. The "tenerife", or "bichon", had success in france during the renaissance under francis i (1494-1547), but its popularity skyrocketed in the court of henry iii (1551-1589). The breed also enjoyed considerable success as a favorite of the painters of the spanish school often included them in their works. For example, the famous artist, francisco de goya, included a bichon in several of his works. Adored by the main european courts, the bichon frisé succeeded in spreading rapidly, becoming one of the most renowned breeds during the renaissance. He lost his popularity at the beginning of the nineteenth century, becoming a very popular street dog in the circus in a short time. By the end of the first world war, the bichon frisé could return to the world of luxury, and france in 1933 would recognize it as a breed.

Significant proportions
The head should be in harmony with his body.

Temperament/Behavior
Docile, friendly with his companions, sociable, playful, very tender, especially suitable for pet-therapy.

Coat
Hair: thin corkscrew curls, spherical, very loosen which seem the mongolian goat's cloak, neither flat nor cordate and from 7 to 10 cm long.
Color: pure white.

Size
Wither height shall not exceed 30 cm; small size is the key to success
 
 

Bichon Havanese

Appearance
Bichon havanais is a small sturdy dog, low on the limbs, with long abundant, soft and preferably wavy hair. Its movement is lively and elastic.
 
Bichon Havanese
 
 
Historical note
This breed comes from the western mediterranean region and has developed along the spanish and italian coastal regions. It would seem that these dogs had originally been imported to cuba by long standings italian captains. Wrongly, the most common avian color in these dogs (tobacco, red-brown) gave rise to the legend that the breed would originate in havana, cuba's capital. However, political events have led to total disappearance of the bloodlines of havanese in cuba; some descendant, who smuggled out of the country, survives in the united states.
Temperament/Behavior
Exceptionally brilliant, it’s easy to train it as a “wake up”. Affectionate, cheerful, friendly, fascinating, jokester and even a little bit clown. It loves children and plays with them.

Coat
Hair: the woolly undercoat is underdeveloped; all too often lacking. The coat is very large (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy and it can form wisps curlies. Any form of grooming, the use of the scissor to fix the length of the coat and trimming are forbidden. Exceptions: it is allowed to fix hair on the feet, hair on the forehead can be shortened slightly so that it does not cover the eyes and the muzzle hairs can also be slightly settled but it is preferable to leave them natural.
Color: solid pure white color, fawn in different nuances (marking admitted), black, havana, tobacco-coloured, reddish brown. Markings in one or more other colors admitted. Shadings admitted in all nuances.

Size
Height to withers from 23 up to 27 cm tolerance from 21 up to 29 cm
 
 

Bolognese

Appearance
Small in size, with a compact torso covered with pure white, long voluminous fur.
 
Bolognese
 
 
Historical notes
Its origins are confused with those of maltese because its ancestors are the same little dogs mentioned in latin by aristotle (384-322 ad) under the name of "canes melitensis". Already known in roman times, bolognese became one of the most appreciated gift ever given during the most powerful period in the world. Cosimo de medici (1389-1464) brought not less than eight dogs to brussels as a gift to many belgian noblemen. Philip ii, king of spain from 1556 to 1598, after having received two bolognesi as a gift from the duke of este, thanked the donor writing that "these two little dogs are a real royal gift to an emperor." the bolognesi are represented in paintings of titian, pierre breuchel called the old and goya.

Important proportions
Dog with a square size, the torso length is equal to its height at the withers. The head size reaches 1/3 of the height at the withers. The chest depth is at least half of the height at the withers.

Temperament/Behavior
Very serious, apparently not very lively. Creative, docile, attached to his companions until abnegation.

Coat
White

Size
The height at the withers must not exceed 30 cm; the small size is reason for success.
 
 

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Appearance
Active, graceful and well-proportioned, with a kind expression.
 
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
 
 
Historical notes
King charles spaniel was so called because a blenheim-type spaniel was the companion dog of king charles i. King charles ii even promulgated an edict that prevented to forbid the entry of king charles spaniels into any public place, including parliament. Spaniels can be seen in many paintings from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. These spaniels had a longer and more pointed nose and a more slender body than those of today. The characteristics of today's cavalier king charles spaniel, were decided by the breeder elridge in 1920. The breed standard was drawn up in 1928. The breed is currently widespread, well breded also in italy.

Temperament/Behavior
Sporty, affectionate, with no fear. Cheerful, friendly, not aggressive; it has no tendency to nervousness.

Coat
Hair: long, silky, with no curls. It can be slightly undulated. Many fringes. No grooming needed.

The recognized colors are:
  • black and tan: matte black with spots over the eyes, cheeks, inside of the ears, chest and legs and the lower part of the tail. The fire color must be brilliant. Undesirable white spots.
  • Ruby (ruby): monocolor intense red. Undesirable white spots.
  • Blenheim: intense brown spots on a white pearl background. Homogeneous stains on the head, leaving a space between the ears for a very well much appreciated stain (unique breed characteristic)
  • Tricolor: black and white well distributed, divided, with spots on the eyes, cheeks, inside of the ears and legs, and on the lower part of the tail.


Size
Weight: 5,4-8kg.

We suggest a small well proportioned dog between these two weights.
 
 

Chihuahua

Appearance
It's a dog with a compact body. It is very important that it has an apple-shaped skull and its tail, moderately long, is very tall, curved and rounded in a semicircle with the tip pointing to the lumbar region.
 
Chihuahua
 
 
Historical notes
This breed has the same name of the largest state in the republic of mexico (chihuahua). It is thought that once upon a time this dog lived in wild state and was captured and tamed by natives at the time of toltec civilization. Some representations of a small dog called "techichi" living in the tula region were used in the decoration of architectural elements of this city. These statues look very similar to the chihuahua of nowadays.

Important proportions
The body is longer than the height at the withers. However, a body that fits in the square is preferred, especially in males. In females, due to reproductive function, a slightly longer body is allowed.

Temperament/Behavior
Quick, alert, lively and very courageous

Coat

Hair: in this breed there are two kinds of hair.
  • Short hair: the fur is short and well rested on the whole body; if there is the undercoat, the fur is a little longer; a sore hair can be found in the throat and belly; it is slightly longer on the neck and tail, short on the muzzle and ears. The fur is shiny and its texture is soft.
  • Long hair: the fur should be fine and silky, smooth or slightly wavy; a thick undercoat is required; the fur is longer, forming fringes, on the ears, neck, on the back of the front and back legs, feet, and tail.
Color: all colors with all possible shades and combinations are accepted, except the "merle".

Size
This breed does not take into account the size, but only the weight.
Ideal weight between 1.5 kg and 3 kg.weighing between 500 gr. And 1.5 kg is tolerated.
 
 

Brussels Griffon

Appearance
Small companion dog, intelligent, balanced, smart, proud, robust, practically inscribed in a square; with a good backbone but elegant in movement and body construction; it's captivating thanks to its almost human expression.
 
Griffoni di Bruxelles
 
 
Historical notes
Brussels griffon comes from a small wire-haired dog called "smousje", originating in brussels area. In the nineteenth century, the crossbreeding of king charles spaniel and carlino, gave birth to the black and short fur and to the current type of breed. These little dogs are vigilant and were bred for guarding the carriages and keeping the rodents away from the stables. In 1883, they were enrolled at l.o.s.h. (st. Hubert's book of origins), the first brussels griffons: topsy (l.o.s.h. no. 163) and foxine (l.o.s.h. no.164). By 1900 they became very popular, also thanks to the interest shown by queen marie henriette of belgium. Many of them were exported and contributed to the propagation and popularity of the breed.

Important proportions
Body length, from the ridge of the shoulder to the rear: as much as possible equal to the height at the withers.

Temperament/Behavior
Quick, alert, lively and very courageous

Coat

Hair: is wire with undercoat, slightly wavy, not curled, but groomed. The hair must be long enough to appreciate its structure. A too long hair changes the silhouette and is not sought after. A silky or woolly coat is a serious flaw.
The hairstyle (beard and mustache) begins under the nose-eye line and goes from one ear to the other, covering the muzzle and cheeks well with a thick and longer hair than on the rest of the body. Above the eyes, the hair must be longer than on the rest of the skull and eyebrows.

Color: red, reddish; a little black is tolerated for the head's hairstyle.
Some white hair is tolerated in the chest, but not sought after.

Size
It varies from 3.5 to 6 kg.
 
 

Lhasa Apso

Appearance
Well proportioned, robust, with an abundant coat but without excess.
 
Lhasa Apso
 
 
Historical notes
Lhasa apso comes from tibet where they live at high altitudes and climate can be harsh. It is a very strong little dog to withstand these conditions, and this has had great influence on its development. His long and wire hair, with a thick undercoat, has an insulating function in winter, and the hair that falls in front of his eyes protects him from wind, dust and glare of light. Apso is one of the many oriental races that have arrived in the west. The first apso arrived in great britain in the early 1920s and were exhibited in london shortly afterwards. When they first appeared in britain they were confused with other long-haired oriental dogs and they were called "lhasa terriers". A distinction was made later, especially between the apso and the tibetan terrier who is thought to have been an ancestor of the apso. A breed club for the lhasa apso was founded in great britain in 1933.

Temperament/Behavior
Cheerful and decided. Smart, serious but sometimes reserved with strangers.

Coat

Hair: long, heavy, straight, wire, non woolly or silky covering coat. Moderate undercoat. The hair must never prevent movement.

Color: golden, sand, honey, dark gray, slate, smoke, multi-colored, black, white or brownish. All acceptable.

Size
Ideal height at the withers: males 25 cm females: a little less
 
 

Maltese

Appearance
Small format, with elongated torso, covered with very long white hairs, very elegant and with proud bearing of the head.
 
Maltese
 
 
Historical notes
Its name does not indicate that it originates from the island of malta because the adjective "maltese" derives from the semitic word "màlat" which means refuge or port; the semitic root is still found in a series of names of sea places, for example in the name of the adriatic island of méléda, the sicilian city of melita and also in that of the island of malta. The ancestors of this little dog lived in the ports and maritime cities of the central mediterranean, where they hunted mice and rats that swarmed in coastal warehouses and ships. In the list of dogs existing in the time of aristotle (384-322 a.c.) he mentions a breed of small dogs to which he attributes the latin name "canes melitensis". The same dog was known in ancient rome: a companion dog of the noblewomen, it was praised by strabo, a latin poet of the first century after christ. Maltese's representations by numerous renaissance painters show this little dog in the halls alongside beautiful ladies of that time.

Temperament/Behavior
Lively, affectionate, very docile, it has great capacity for understanding.

Coat

Hair: dense, shiny, brilliant- heavy and with smooth texture, very long on the body and straight. There is no undercoat.

Color: pure white, a pale ivory color is allowed.
Traces of shades of a pale orange are tolerated but not desired and constitute a defect.

Size
Height at withers: males from 21 to 25 cm. Females from 20 to 23 cm.
 
 

Shih Tzu

Appearance
Robust dog, abundantly covered with hair, with a characteristic defiant posture and a "chrysanthemum" face.
 
Shih Tzu
 
 
Historical notes
People tend to confuse the apso with the shih tzu, but there are many differences between them. The roots of this breed are to be found in tibet, but it developed later in china, where dogs similar to these lived in the imperial palaces. China became a republic in 1912, then the exemplars of the race found their way to the west, although the first import to england was not documented before 1931. It was recognized as a separate race of the other oriental races in 1934 and it obtained its own book of origins in 1940 from kennel club, making possible valid certificates for the championship since 1949. The shih tzu head similar to a chrysanthemum that is very captivating, and it is caused by the hair growth above the nasal cavity.

Temperament/Behavior
Intelligent, active and smart. Friendly and independent.

Coat

Hair: long outer coat, wire, not curled, with moderate undercoat, not woolly. It can be slightly wavy. The hair should not decrease the visual ability of the dog. The coat length should not limit movement.

Color: all colors are allowed; the list on the forehead and the white tail tip are highly desirable in all multi-colored dogs.

Size
Height at withers: no more than 27 cm.
 
 

German spitz

Appearance
The spitz are captivating thanks to their beautiful coat, held up by abundant undercoat. The strong collar around the neck is particularly striking, similar to a mane, and the bushy tail bravely carried over the back. The fox head with attentive eyes and small pointed ears, placed next to each other, give the spitz its unique, characteristic daring appearance.
 
Spitz Tedeschi
 
 
Historical notes
The german spitz descend from the "peat dog" (torfhund) "canis familiaris palustris rütimeyer" who lived in the peat bogs of the stone age and from the later spitz of the villages in palafitte (pfahlbau); they are the most ancient dogs breed in central europe. Numerous other races originated from them.

Temperament/Behavior
The german spitz is always attentive, active and exceptionally devoted to his master. He learns quickly and is easy to tame. Beware of strangers, his total lack of interest in hunting, makes it the ideal dog for the guard of the house and farm. He is neither shy nor aggressive. Its most important features are robustness, longevity, and the ability to withstand any weather.

Coat

Hair: the german spitz has a double coat: the straight, long and raised hair, and a short, wire hair similar to wadding. The head, ears, the front of the legs and feet are covered with short smooth hair. The rest of the body has a long, abundant coat. Non wavy, curled or corded, not divided on the back. Neck and shoulders are covered by a dense mane. The back of the front legs is well fringed. The hind legs have wide fringes from the rump to the hock. The tail is bushy

Color:
  • Small spitz: black, brown, white, orange, shaded gray, other colors
  • Miniature spitz: black, brown, white, orange, shaded gray, other colors
  • Black spitz: in the black spitz, the undercoat and leather are black too and the color on the surface must be a bright black without any white or other stains.
  • Brown spitz: brown spitz is uniformly dark brown
  • White spitz: the coat should be pure white, especially without any trace of yellow, which often happens, especially on the ears.
  • Orange spitz: should be uniformly colored in the middle gradient of the color range.
  • Spitz other colors: the term "other colors" includes all shades of colors such as: cream, cream-sand, orange-sand, black and fire, multi-color (with white as the main color). Black, brown, gray or orange spots must be spread over the whole body.


Size
Height at the withers:
  • Small spitz 26 cm +/- 3 cm
  • Miniature spitz/ pomerania 20 cm +/- 2 cm

 
 

Miniature poodle

Appearance
Dog of medium proportions, with characteristic frizzy, curly or corded hair. It appears as an intelligent animal, constantly attentive, active, harmoniously constructed, giving the impression of elegance and pride.
 
Barboncino Nano
 
 
Historical notes
Etymologically, the french word "caniche" derives from "dog", a french term that indicates the female duck. In other countries, this term refers to splashing in water. Originally, this dog was used in hunting waterfowl. It descends from the barbet of which it has preserved many characteristics. In 1743, it was called "la caniche": female of the barbet. Later, the barbet and the poodle diversified more and more. Breeders strove to obtain original subjects of uniform color. The poodle has become very popular as a pet dog, for its lovable, joyful and faithful character, but also for its four sizes and its different colors that everyone can choose at will.

Temperament/Behavior
Dog known for his loyalty, ready to learn and be trained, which makes him a particularly pleasant pet dog.

Coat
Hair: abundant hair of fine texture, woolly and well curled, elastic and resistant to the hand pressure of the. It must be thick, of uniform length, and form regular curls.

Color: monochrome hair: black, white, brown, gray, apricot and fawn red.

Size
Above 28 to 35 cm. The poodle of this size has the appearance of a reduced mediamole poodle, preserving the same proportions as much as possible and without showing any sign of dwarfism.
 
 

Zwergschnauzer

Appearance
Small, vigorous, more chubby than slim, with a wired elegant hair, a smaller schnauzer, not subject to dwarfism. Its height can not be inscribed in a square. The body length corresponds almost to the withers. Intelligence, safety, resistance and vigilance make the zwergschnauzer a domestic, guarding and pet dog that can easily live even in a small apartment.
 
Zwergschnauzer
 
 
Historical notes
Around the beginning of twentieth century the dwarf schnauzer became popular in frankfurt region, better known as a wirehaired dwarf pinscher. Since there were different shapes, sizes and types, and there was a mix of dogs with wire, soft and silky hair, it was not easy to create a breed of small dogs whose appearance and character qualities corresponded to those of his older brother, the schnauzer

Temperament/Behavior
Known for his loyalty, is a dog ready to learn and be trained, which makes him a very pleasant companion dog.

Coat
Hair: the hair has to be wire ("iron wire"), and very thick. It consists of a thick undercoat and an outer coat never too short, wire and tight fit. The covering hair is rough, long enough to allow the examination of its texture; it is not frizzy or wavy. On the head and legs, it tends to be a little less wire; on the forehead and ears it is short. Characteristic and typical are the beard not too soft on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows that slightly hide the eyes.

Color:
  • pure black with black undercoat
  • salt and pepper (carbonate sand with sand stains)
  • black / silver
  • pure white with white undercoat
Size
Height at withers: males and females of 30 and 35 cm.
Weight males and females from 4 to 8 kg
 
 

French bulldog

Appearance
Typical small molosso. Mighty even in its small size, short, stocky, with small proportions, a satin hair, with short muzzle, rhinestone nose, erect ears and naturally short tail. It appears active, intelligent, very muscular, of compact construction and with a solid backbone. Any characteristic should not appear so exaggerated compared to others to respect the general dog harmony, or to give it an unpleasant appearance or disturb its movement.
 
Bouledogue Francese
 
 
Historical notes
In all likelihood, like all mastiffs, he descends from the molossi of epirus and the roman empire, a relative of the bulldog of great britain, the alani of the middle ages, the mastiffs (dogues) and the small dog- like dogs (doguins) of france, the bulldog we know is the result of the various crossbreeding made by passionate breeders in the popular districts of paris around 1880. At that time, as a dog of stevedore of the general parisian markets, butchers and coachmen, this dog knew how to conquer the high society and the world of artists thanks to its physical appearance as well as to its character, spreading rapidly. The first breed club was founded in 1880 in paris.

Temperament/Behavior
Pet dog, sociable, lively, playful, sporty, smart.

Coat
Hair: satin hair, dense, shiny and soft, without undercoat. Color: tawny, brindle or not, with or without white spots.

Colore: fulvo, tigrato o meno, con o senza macchie bianche.

Coats without white stains (EXTENDED)
Fawn: a uniform color coat ranging from light to dark fawn, sometimes with a lighter color in the sloping areas, with or without a black mask, although its presence is to be preferred. White spots of limited extension may be present.

Bringè: a fawn coat, on average, crossed by dark transversal striations that create the "brindled" effect; striations should never be so large as to cover the fawn background color. A black mask can be present. White spots of limited extension may be present.

Coats with white spots (EXTENDED)
Bringè with white medium dimensions or invasive stains: called "caille", the spots are ideally distributed throughout the body. Some patches on the skin are allowed.

Fawn with white medium dimensions or invasive stains: called "WHITE / FAWN", the spots are ideally distributed throughout the body. Some patches on the skin are allowed.

Size
Garrese height: males from 27 to 35 cm; females 24 to 32 cm; tolerance: 1 cm above or below expected limits.

Weight: males: 9 - 14 kg; females: 8 - 13 kg; a tolerance of 500 g in excess is allowed if the subject fits well into the type